BT on faster speedsJoe Garner of BT claims Britain is ahead of other big Euro countries in "superfast" broadband. BT deserves credit for offering ~80% of Britain 30 meg or more downstream, a little ahead of Germany and well ahead of France, Spain and Italy. "Superfast" is pure hype. BT's deployment is mostly DSL from their 100,000 street cabinets, typically 30-70 megabits. Unlike Germany, Belgium, Swisscom and Australia, England isn't using vectoring to ~double many connections. Half of the UK is able to get 100 meg or more from cable, as well as nearly 90% of the U.S. ~50 meg would have been superfast in 2007 but is only medium in 2015.

One Garner comment in the Telegraph is offbase. French prices by almost any measurement are considerably lower than Britain. Miles Brignall in the Guardian just wrote "Ripoff Britain: why we pay more for broadband than Europe," with a comparison to France at half the price. Garner's comment, "Britain has the lowest landline, broadband and superfast broadband prices among major economies" is a mistake. The original source, Analysys Mason, had it wrong. It should be corrected by sending a letter to the paper. 

His argument that separating Openreach from the rest of BT will curtail investment is unsupported by the data, I believe "BT provides us with ready access to capital. BT’s capital allowed us to meet the rapidly rising demand for internet services by rolling out superfast broadband which is, incidentally, 20 times faster than in 2005 and half the price. Our fibre roll-out might look like an obvious investment today, but it didn’t in 2009. Who other than BT would have had the courage to invest £2.5bn in superfast broadband when no one else was interested?" 

AT&T, Telus, Bell Canada, Belgacom, and Swisscom have Fiber to the node/DSL deployments roughly similar to British Telecom. Japan, Korea and now China have generally better broadband networks. China passed 80M homes with fiber to the premises last year alone. BT's network build is comparable to several peers and ahead of Germany, but far from unique.

BT's capex the last four years has been 87-94% of their depreciation, net dis-investment. It's been 13-14% of revenue, lower than France Telecom. In the chart below, BT is in pounds and FT in euros. FT, Verizon, AT&T and Comcast are regularly at 15% and higher. BT's capex overall is at best in-line, not superior.

Openreach is the most profitable part of BT and should easily be able to raise funds if necessary. Openreach is far less risky than the rest of the company. Retail customers can leave far more easily than wholesale. BT Global and the IT Services sector has continuing problems. If split in a reasonable fashion, the balance sheet should be no worse than BT's.

Joe, I'd be happy to introduce you to friends on Wall Street who could meet any of your likely capital needs. The referral fee they would give me would be many years of my income. I expect you already know people at the major banks; the smartest should already be courting you with offers in the billions if you should happen to break off. There may be other sensible reasons to keep the companies together, including the inevitable difficulties in such a big change. Access to capital is not persuasive.

BT sent a thoughtful disagreement. "this is boiling down our arguments against separation a bit too much.

Your investment scenario might be hypothetically possible, but it’s also optimistic. We’ve seen with other infrastructure companies that there’s no guarantee that a separate entity wouldn’t fall in to the hands of a vulture capitalist determined to sweat assets rather than invest in the way Openreach has over the past decade. BT Group has invested £45bn in its network over the years since privatisation – including more than £3bn on fibre that started at the height of the recession - and we’ve just set out ambitious plans to invest further and get ultrafast broadband to 10 million homes in the UK over the five years.

Being a FTSE-100 doesn’t give you an open-ended cheque book, and a separate Openreach would also face a much longer payback period if it invested outside of the BT Group. The BT Group payback period for fibre is low double-digit years by comparison.

Openreach also had confidence to invest in fibre because it had demand from BT’s downstream consumer and business divisions. It offered fibre to the whole market under the same terms, but only BT’s retail arms confirmed that they’d sell it right away, giving Openreach confidence to invest. Sky and TalkTalk subsequently decided to commit to fibre, once they were convinced of the retail demand, but a separate Openreach would lose the benefit of having an ‘anchor tenant’ able to retail at scale. It would also lose other benefits such as access to BT Group’s world class R&D set-up."


Sky's Mai Fyfield's counterargument, also in the Telegraph, is equally unpersuasive. In France, competitive carriers SFR and Free are investing $billions in fiber. The Murdochs of Sky haven't put any investment on the table. Fyfield's "incentives to innovate would be strong on all sides," is almost meaningless. Lobbyists point to "incentives" when they are not really sure anyone will invest. The EU telcos and AT&T time and again have been given "incentives" they demanded. Time and again, when I look a few years later, they haven't actually made that investment.

Neelie Kroes was dead wrong when she allowed anti-competitive mergers in the name of "incentives to invest." Investment hasn't gone up. Her actions would have made sense if the companies spent the added profits on investment. Instead, it mostly went to the company's' shareholders. Investment is flat to down in those countries. Even the very conservative current EU is getting that message. They just blocked the Telia/Telenor merger in Denmark. 

BT deserves credit for their ~80% FTTN coverage and support for the government plan for 95% in 2017. That's more than any other large European telco. Cable only covers about 50% of the country, so half the investment is going where they currently have a monopoly. Compare that to Germany, where until this year Deutsche Telekom was not going to upgrade any of the 1/3rd of the country without cable competition. Unlike Germany, they aren't vectoring, preferring to wait for at ~250 correction 10/10 330 megabits/ while slowing investment. Unlike most deployments, that will mostly be from existing street cabinets. Although BT has said the deployment is contingent on the current tests being successful, I think they are committed. Their latest announcement is "10m premises to receive ultrafast broadband with speeds of 300-500Mbps by end of 2020. 1Gbps service also to be provided." The proponents often combine upstream and downstream rates. In that case, the 300Mbps would be ~250 down. Speeds wll depend on how many cabinets they choose to build, which isn't yet set.

The 1 Gbps plan is interesting, because it is unlikely that they will be able to receive that speed with a single line. It implies they will offer bonding, which I've reported is already in test at Adtran.  

Editor's note: I haven't studied the Openreach separation closely enough to have an opinion. My comments above are about dubious statements authors on both sides made, not what is the right policy. The breakup may be the right thing but certainly won't be a magic bullet.

Special thanks to BT's press people who helped me get updated data. 


Often interesting


Mobile World Congress, Barcelona, Feb 27-March 2 100,000 mob Barcelona. Fares from New York are triple the usual price and hotels even higher - if you can find one less than a hour from the city. Everybody who is anybody goes so everybody who is anybody goes. Beyond the pomp and hot air are a slew of top technical people. Seek them out and make sure yo make appointments in advance with the people you want to see. Hint: You can still get rooms at the hostels in town. Next year, book way in advance to get one of the hotel rooms GSMA have negotiated with the city.

Digital Hollywood Media Summit, New York March 7-8. Victor Harwood always had an enormous number of top people in an almost overcrowded schedule. Senior folks from advertising, all media, marketing and more. VR and AR are heavily represented, from the talent to the salesmen. The price is about half what most shows charge and there are discounts for those with limited resources, including students.  A great way to learn what the most advanced in these fields are doing.

Brooklyn 5G Summit April 19-21st The most sophisticated people in wireless will be there, from the CTOs of NTT and Nokia to the most respected academics on the planet. Incredible S/N. If you can't come to Brooklyn, you must watch the stream. It takes two or three years for most people to catch up to what's learned here. Summit, Paris May 9-11 Trevor Linney of BT is deploying 10M lines. John Cioffi promises something astonishing. Everyone in the industry will be there except Broadcom, being their usual antisocial self. On the 9th, Hubert Mariotte of the standards committee has a deep technical tutorial and I have a session for everyone else.

TNO Ultrabroadband Den Haag June 12-15 Always a strong group.

I'm moving from to everything since July 2014 is here.


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