On May 10, 2017, at the Paris G.fast Summit, John Cioffi will describe a path to a terabit over copper. That is not a typographic error, although John's ideas are far beyond the state of the art. G.fast using 106 MHz is now reaching a gigabit. 212 MHz is soon to ship, with correspondingly high data rates. Alcatel has pushed into higher spectrum to demonstrate 10 gigabits. Physicists and astronomers work with submillimeter waves from 300 GHz to 3 terahertz. Nothing like that is used in communications
Wireless systems use much higher frequencies. 28 GHz & 39 GHz 5G millimeter systems are just getting to the field, with millions likely to ship next decade. 70 GHz backhaul systems are in commercial production. Even faster wireless systems are in the labs. Submillimeter waves begin at 300 GHz and go up to 3 terahertz. While speeds like that have not been used in communications, they are common in physics and astronomy.
Wikipedia notes, ""As of 2012, viable sources of terahertz radiation are the gyrotron, the backward wave oscillator ("BWO"), the organic gas far infrared laser ("FIR laser"), Schottky diode multipliers, varactor (varicap) multipliers, quantum cascade laser,] the free electron laser (FEL), synchrotron light sources, photomixing sources, single-cycle or pulsed sources used in terahertz time domain spectroscopy such as photoconductive, surface field, photo-Dember and optical rectification emitters., and electronic oscillators based on resonant tunneling diodes have been shown to operate up to 700 GHz."
Many problems need to be solved before 300 GHz and higher can be used in, especially over copper. If this came from anyone but John Cioffi, I'd consider this about as likely as experimental verification of string theory in my lifetime. John - a friend - has four times since 1993 demonstrated DSL possibilities no one in the industry thought possible. He used DMT to build a system that delivered 6 megabits when others thought 1.5 megabits was the practical limit. At the Paris conference, you'll see production-ready equipment delivering a gigabit. Gigabit DSL would be impossible without John's invention, Vectored DSL. Vectored DSL, invented in 2002, took more than a decade to come to market. By 2016, Adtran alone has shipped ten million vectored ports. Subm may well take longer.
I do not believe he will be bringing a working system to the Paris show.
Investigating the potentials of the use of massive tiny transmitters in a coordinated array where the number of such transmitters significantly exceeds the number of wires in the shielded binder. This approach essentially treats the binder of wires as a highly complex waveguide in which effectively higher-order transverse/transmission modes could exist and be exploited at submillimeter wavelengths to open bandwidth possibilities well beyond conventional DSL transmission. We explore this possibility and channel models for it.
Professor Emeritus of Electrical Engineering,