Realme 5G down to $145 ** 80M 5G subscribers in Q2, 100M August prove 5G is real.** 5G Worldwide: Saudi first, USA last** 5G Phones $199-260
China is > 70% of 5G as subs pass 80M ** Primary: Cost per bit of wireless is falling at a ferocious rate
5X Advance for Africa with Massive MIMO ** Spectrum Marvell: 5 nm 20-40% better ** $400 TCL REVLL 5G at T-Mobile: Here comes 5G in the USA
$Hundreds of millions in extra chip costs prove Open-RAN not quite ready
Verizon planning business customers in 2017. Vincent O’Byrne doesn't believe 10 gig down, 2.5 up is enough for Verizon's future. He has begun trials of 40 gig down, 10 gig up NG-PON2 with Calix and Adtran, with the intent to start purchasing within a year. Boston's new fiber network would be a natural place for them; Verizon would be able to offer 10 gig inexpensively to the giant companies in Boston's financial district. The same gear will probably be natural for Verizon's 2018 test of 5G highband, which will need massive backhaul. mmWaves do not go far and will need cells every few hundred meters.
The same gear will probably be natural for Verizon's 2018 test of 5G highband, which will need massive backhaul. mmWaves do not go far and will need cells every few hundred meters.
Also called TWDM PON, the OLT delivers 4 wavelengths at 10 gig each. Calix says they can bond them, to deliver 40 gig to a customer.
Alcatel introduced an early unit, offering to sell it as a 10 gig box that could be upgraded to 40 gig when needed.
The cost obstacle has been the laser, which needs to be able to tune to any of the four (and eventually 8) possible frequencies. Adtran has developed their own tunable laser, which they say will bring down the cost "by an order of magnitude."
The industry was amazed that Nokia Alcatel was not invited to the lab trials. They were an early leader in this technology and are a primary Verizon supplier. Verizon may be sending a message to Nokia and Cisco to "get with the SDN wave or ..."
Adtran and Calix are throwing everything they have at software defined networks. Both manage the NG-PON2 with SDN. Adtran did a great demo of how that works.
When the cost comes down, this will also offer homes 10 gig.
There's an excellent introduction to NG-PON2 at Altice Labs/Portugal Telecom.
Verizon begins lab testing NG-PON2 technology
NEW YORK -- As Verizon advances toward implementing new technology on its fiber optic infrastructure, the company has reached a critical juncture in its RFP (Request For Proposals) process by tapping two companies to begin testing NG-PON2 (next generation passive optical network) equipment in Verizon’s Innovation Lab in Waltham, Mass.
Starting this month, Verizon will begin initial testing with equipment from Ericsson (in partnership with Calix) and ADTRAN. Testing will focus on several features of NG-PON2, including tuning performance, ability to carry residential and business services on the same platform, and interoperability and conformance testing to meet Verizon ONT specifications.
“When it comes to NG-PON2, ADTRAN and Ericsson/Calix have developed new designs and some novel, yet different, approaches that put them at the forefront of the industry,” said Vincent O’Byrne, Ph.D., director of network planning for Verizon.
Verizon is assessing this next-generation technology to provide increased speeds and functionality to customers on its Fios network. NG-PON2 technology supports up to 40G of total capacity and up to 10G speeds per customer, both upstream and downstream, over a single fiber – a tenfold increase over some of the current speeds in the industry. Using NG-PON2 technology, the company plans to initially deploy a number of business services in 2017, followed by residential services as the technology matures and the market demands.
This technology allows Verizon to easily increase system capacity by adding wavelengths to meet the demand for traffic drivers such as ultra high definition video, virtual reality applications and cloud services. By implementing this advanced technology without having to change the current underlying fiber optic infrastructure, additional traffic can be carried cost effectively. Verizon also can improve flexibility and resiliency using NG-PON2, because traffic can be shifted amongst multiple wavelengths without impacting customers.
Last year the ITU-T (International Telecommunications Union Telecommunications Standardization Sector) approved NG-PON2 specifications, paving the way to establish NG-PON2 as the next step in PON technology.
In 2015, Verizon announced it had successfully completed field testing of NG-PON2 technology.
Calix and Ericsson Team to Bring NG-PON2 to Verizon07/20/2016
Calix AXOS and NG-PON2 fulfill promise of Unified AccessDOWNLOAD AS PDF